February 09, 2021 3 min read
Tom and Jerry is an American animated franchise and series of funny short films produced in 1940 by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. Best known for its 161 theatrical short films by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the series centers on the rivalry between the titular personalities of a cat called Tom and a mouse called Jerry.
1. They were initially called Jasper and Jinx.
The cat-- then more of a sensible quadruped-- chasing after the chubby little computer mouse was referred to as "Jasper" in the debut cartoon, Puss Gets the Boot. The mouse's name never arises onscreen in the cartoon itself, though he was called "Jinx" in pre-production. That being said, there was some debate over that issue, amongst the creators nonetheless. Hanna considered the mouse to be called Jinx, as discussed in his memoir A Cast of Friends. Barbera was not so sold.
2. There was later on a contest to name the characters.
So how did Tom and Jerry come to be "Tom and Jerry"? A contest! Animator John Carr won $50 (more than $800 in today's money) for coming up with the monikers Tom and Jerry.
3. Their names came from a cocktail.
So why "Tom and Jerry," you might ask? Well, it was a popular boozy Yuletime beverage, essentially eggnog with brandy included together with the rum. The drink recipe and name go back to the 1820s, which predates the pet cat and mouse. In the early 19th century, "Tom and Jerry" was a British term for rambunctious youth, as coined in the 1823 book Life in London, or Days and Nights of Jerry Hawthorne and his elegant friend Corinthian Tom by Pierce Egan.
4. They won seven Oscars.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences enjoyed Tom and Jerry as much as the kids in the audience. 13 Hanna-Barbera Tom and Jerry cartoons earned an Oscar nomination in the Short Subject, Cartoon category. Eight of them would win a trophy. The Yankee Doodle Mouse took home the duo's first Oscar. 7 shorts would win Oscars in the total amount.
5. They were in a live-action Gene Kelly movie.
The 1945 musical comedy Anchors Aweigh paired Genetics Kelly with numerous celebrity partners, but none as fantastical as Jerry Mouse. Kelly and Jerry performed together through the magic of filmmaking in "The Worry Song." Jerry is royalty, while Tom makes a cameo as a servant. Some sources claim that the film initially wanted Mickey Mouse, but Disney declined to lend out their famous rodent.
Step 1. We start by drawing circles. Those that are larger will be heads, and those that are smaller will be the lower torso. We connect everything with lines and draw them in the direction of future bodies. (Pencil B)
Step 2. Using the circles, we also outline the palms and feet, using the lines; we outline the arms and legs' movement. (Pencil B)
Step 3. Now we turn to draw the heads over the outlined circles. For greater ease, you can draw midlines at the beginning. (Pencil B)
Step 4. We now draw the bodies and limbs. Repeating the already outlined lines' directions, we connect the circles and get the bodies; we do the same with the arms and legs and write the circles' feet and palms. (Pencil B)
Step 5. Remove all unnecessary construction lines and use a soft pencil to make the outline brighter and sharper. (Pencil 5B)
Step 6. We will start to color our drawing; at the beginning, we make a general tone. For Tom's fur, use a gray pencil, and for Jerry, brown and beige. We make both ears pink. (Colored pencils gray, brown, beige, pink)
Step 7. Increase the tone of Tom's coat with a dark gray pencil and make the paw and stomach gray spots. We intensify Jerry's fur with brown and ocher and paint over the mouth with black and red for the tongue. (Colored pencils dark gray, gray, brown, orange, black, red)
Step 8. Paint Tom's eyes with yellow and green, and Jerry's eyes black. We also enhance the tongue and mouth color for Jerry and add a mustache with a black pencil. (Colored pencils yellow, green, black, red)
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